The global position of ferrochromeElements influencing the global demand for and pricing of ferrochrome:
South African chrome industryFacts
Challenges faced by South African ferrochrome producers
Ferrochrome production and its role in stainless steel
Produced by high-temperature reduction (smelting) of chromite, ferrochrome contains iron, chrome, minor amounts of carbon and silicon, and impurities such as sulphur, phosphorous and titanium.
Chrome is a metallurgical marvel. It brings critical properties to the metals with which it is alloyed. Add it to carbon steel in the form of ferrochrome and the steel becomes “stainless” – corrosion resistant, mechanically strong, heat resistant, hard wearing and shiny. Stainless steel is used almost everywhere in modern life from nuclear reactors to exhaust pipes, architecture, kitchenware and a host of other applications.
Specialty steels produced for applications such as tools, injection moulds, camshafts, etc also derive the high mechanical strength, hardness and heat resistance required from their chrome content.
Our competitive advantage
For more information on ferrochrome production, consumption, stainless steel production and chrome ore imports, see the CEO’s strategic review and the graphs in chief executive officer's strategic review.
This source of information set out in our operating context is CRU International Limited (CRU). See chief executive officer's strategic review of this report and the note on chief executive officer's strategic review.